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A new issue of Dreaming is out, covering topics such as dreaming and physical health, insomnia and dream content, and personality types. Volume 17, Issue 3 The relationships between dream content and physical health, mood, and self-construal. King, David B.; DeCicco, Teresa L. Abstract Permissions Article abstract: Hide abstract Research is presented that examines the […]

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Posted October 18, 2007 by thomasr

 
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A new issue of Dreaming is out, covering topics such as dreaming and physical health, insomnia and dream content, and personality types.

Volume 17, Issue 3

The relationships between dream content and physical health, mood, and self-construal.

King, David B.; DeCicco, Teresa L. Abstract Permissions
Article abstract: Hide abstract

Research is presented that examines the relationship among dream content, physical health, mood, and self-construal. Participants were 27 undergraduate students who completed the Medical Outcomes SF-36 Health Survey (SF-36), the Profile of Mood States Scale (POMS-SF), and the Self-Construal Scale (SCS). Each participant handed in four dream reports, which were analyzed according to the Hall and Van de Castle (1966) system of content analysis. Multiple significant correlations were observed between dream content and the SF-36, the POMS-SF, and the SCS. Most notable were the findings between physical health and dream content. Participants displaying poor physical health reported more bodily misfortunes, injuries and illnesses, medical themes, and body parts in their dreams. Findings support continuity between dreams and waking life physical and mental functioning. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved)

Dreaming and insomnia: Polysomnographic correlates of reported dream recall frequency.

Pagel, J. F.; Shocknesse, Shannon Abstract Permissions
Article abstract: Hide abstract

This study assesses which polysomnographic variables are associated with changes in reported dream recall frequency in patients meeting diagnostic criteria for primary insomnia. Data analyzed included sleep latency, total sleep time, sleep efficiency, time in REM, time in sleep stages (1&2 vs. 3&4), and periodic limb movement. For the grouping meeting ICD-10 diagnostic criteria for primary insomnia, a significant decrease in dream recall was found compared to the noninsomniac group. A decline in polysomnographic sleep quality was associated with a decline in reported dream or nightmare recall frequency. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved)

Students’ views on the role of dreams in human life.

Szmigielska, Barbara; Holda, Malgorzata Abstract Permissions
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The present study was an attempt to investigate the subjectively perceived role of dreams. It examined the private concepts of dreams and dreaming, attitude toward dreams, and the influence of dreams on behavior, which can manifest in sharing dreams with other people, trying to interpret one’s own dreams, believing they have special meaning, or behaving according to the clues given by the dream. The sample consisted of 47 participants, students ages 19-20. A structured interview, individually administered, was used. The results indicate interesting relationships between analyzed variables and gender; they also show individual differences in both common notions about dreams and the way dreams can influence other kinds of behavior. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved)

Exploring dream work at end of life.

Goelitz, Ann Abstract Permissions
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Dream work with the terminally ill is an effective intervention modality. Despite this, it remains an understudied phenomenon. This article will review the literature on the subject in an attempt to make recommendations regarding future research into this methodology. The author explores dream work with patients at end-of-life and contrasts it with dream work with trauma survivors. Complementary and alternative medicine interventions used to support the terminally ill are also surveyed. Hypnotic guided imagery at end of life in particular are examined and compared with dream work methodologies. Benefits from these therapies are outlined, as well as potential problems that practitioners may encounter with their utilization. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved)

Dream emotions, waking emotions, personality characteristics and well-being–A positive psychology approach.

Gilchrist, Sue; Davidson, John; Shakespeare-Finch, Jane Abstract Permissions
Article abstract: Hide abstract

The study aimed to discover whether personality characteristics and waking emotions relate to dreaming emotions. There were 123 participants, ranging in age from 17 to 82 years. It was hypothesized that participants with significant positive emotional trait and state ratings in waking life would experience more positive dreams. Data collection utilized diaries and questionnaires, including Hartmann’s Boundary Questionnaire, IPIP Emotional Stability Scale, Staats’ Hope Scale, Adult Dispositional Hope Scale, and the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule to assess personality and attitudinal characteristics. Participants recorded and rated their waking and dream emotions over a 3-week period. Median correlations between corresponding waking and dream emotions were .58 for positive emotions and .47 for negative emotions. There were also low, but significant correlations between some personality characteristics and participants’ tendency to experience positive or negative emotions in dreams. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved)


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